PATIENT INFORMATION ON THE ANTIDEPRESANT BUPROPION
The name of your medication is Bupropion. It belongs to a class of antidepressants called Selective Dopamine Reuptake Inhibitors (SDRI).
Bupropion is primarily used in the treatment of major depressive disorders and depression associated with Manic Depressive Illness (Bipolar Disorder ). It has also been approved in the management of smoking cessation.
Though not approved for this indication, bupropion has also been found useful in children with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder.
How quickly will the drug start working?
Bupropion is prescribed twice a day, morning and evening. It begins to improve sleep and appetite and to increase energy within about one week; however, feelings of depression may take from 4-6 weeks to improve. Because antidepressants take time to work, do not decrease or increase the dose or stop the medication without discussing this with your doctor. Improvement in smoking cessation/ withdrawal also occurs over a period of 6 weeks.
How long should you take this medication?
Following the first episode of depression it is recommended that antidepressants be continued for a minimum of one year; this decreases the chance of being ill again. The doctor may then decrease the drug slowly and monitor for any symptoms of depression; if none occur, the drug can gradually be stopped.
For individuals; who have had several episodes of depression, antidepressant medication should be continued indefinitely.
Use of bupropion for smoking cessation is recommended as a one-time treatment for a period of 6 weeks.
Side effects occur, to some degree, with all medication. They are usually not serious and do not occur in all individuals. They may sometimes occur before beneficial effects of the medication are noticed. If a side effect continues, speak to your doctor about appropriate treatment.
Rare side effects you should report your doctor IMMEDIATELY include:
- Switch in mood to an unusual state of happiness, excitement, irritability, or a marked disturbance in sleep
Let your doctor know as soon possible if you miss your period or suspect you may be pregnant.
What should you do if you forget to take a dose of your medication?
If you forget to take the morning dose of antidepressant by more than 4 hours, skip the missed dose and continue with your schedule for the evening dose. DO NOT DOUBLE THE DOSE as seizures may occur.
Interactions with other medication
Because antidepressant drugs can change the effect of other medication, or may be affected by other medication, always check with your doctor or pharmacist before taking other drugs, including over-counter medication such as cold remedies. Always inform any doctor or dentist that you see that you are taking an antidepressant drug.
If you have any questions regarding this medication, do not hesitate to contact your doctor, pharmacist, or nurse.